What Are Different Types of Chemical Industries and What Are Their Uses

What Are Different Types of Chemical Industries and What Are Their Uses

A large number of manufacturers produce various types of industrial chemicals for industrial applications. These chemicals are today used for a variety of purposes, including the production of explosives, various types of engine fuels, dyes and paints, cosmetics, insulators, detergents, and soaps.

These days, the chemical industry has expanded rapidly over the last few decades. Chemicals are used in a variety of economic sectors, including agriculture, the service sector, construction, and the manufacture of consumer goods. Chemicals are used in a wide variety of ways, with several consumers all over the world.

The Bisley group is one of the active chemicals suppliers Australia encompassing many end-uses. This company caters to diverse range of customer requirements that may range from highly specialised products to liquids in IBCs, as well as multi-thousand bulk cargoes.

Bisley is also a market leader in supplying alumina-based chemicals to the Australasian and Southeast Asian markets. Aluminium Hydroxide, and water treatment chemicals e.g., Aluminium Sulphate, and also specialty Calcined Alumina are all available from Bisley for different applications.

The extensive construction chemical of Bisley range can always be found in the various construction and building materials.

The following are the top 6 different types of chemical industries producing different chemicals for various industrial uses.

Organic and inorganic chemical industries

  • Inorganic chemicals – This industry includes the production of alkalis, acids, salts, and allied chemicals.
  • Organic chemicals – These industries are divided into three broad categories, namely natural drugs, synthetic drugs, and antibiotics. The chemical composition of wastewater from a certain synthetic drug factory that manufactures antipyretics, anti-tubercular drugs, sulphur drugs, and vitamins, among other things

Fertilizer industries

As a waste, a variety of pollutants are discharged from fertiliser factories. Fertiliser factories generate a large amount of waste, which is ranging from 2 – 3 mgd for an average-sized factory at various locations.

Refineries and petroleum industry

Industrial wastes from all these industries are as diverse as the industries themselves, and each pollutant is a separate problem. However, they share certain characteristics that allow them to be distinguished. The nature of waste-water composition varies depending on the type of process used in the industry, and the economy in process water utilisation.

Pesticide industries

Pesticides contain both organic and inorganic components. Lead, arsenic, mercury chlorine, HCN, lead-arsenate, sodium arsenite, and other inorganic pesticides are examples. Rolone, nicotine, nicotine, phrethrin, and petroleum derivatives are examples of naturally occurring pesticides; DDT, Chloride, BHC, Aldrin, Methoxychlor, and others are examples of synthetic organic pesticides.

Heat treatment and electroplating industries

Metal electroplating generates waste containing metal ions e.g., nickel, chromium, cadmium, gold, silver, and so on. The amount of wastewater discharged by the plating industry will be usually much small, but it can be quite toxic.

Hydro-Generated soap and oil industries

The industry discharges a strong waste that is known most commonly as spent soap lye during the soap-making process. The lye is made up of sodium salts of fatty acids that do not crystallise during the process. It has a high BOD and COD value and is highly alkaline.